To get unemployment insurance benefits in your state, you must file a claim with that state's unemployment insurance system. In general, you should file a claim only with the state in which you actually worked.
If you never worked in the area you currently live, or if you never worked more than a few states away from the area where you live, then you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits. This is because in many states, you must have worked for two or more months within three years in order to qualify for unemployment benefits. If you work only a few months in between jobs, it does not matter where you work; you still need to have worked for at least two months in between your jobs in order to receive benefits.
Sometimes people who are not eligible for unemployment benefits can apply for Social Security Disability Insurance benefits. This is provided by the Social Security Administration, which is a part of the U.S. Department of Labor. You do not have to wait to apply for Social Security Disability benefits; you can apply as soon as you become unemployed, but Social Security Administration processing can take several weeks.
Unemployment insurance in other states may not be as generous as the benefits available in your own state. In most states you will receive around sixty days of unemployment benefits. These benefits can vary depending on the type of unemployment you are experiencing, as well as the length of time you have been unemployed. It may be possible to receive more, but your state may not offer as much.
Many people are wary of applying for unemployment benefits in their own state, because they do not know if they will receive benefits in case they are laid off. If you find yourself laid off, then there are still options available to you. If you have never worked for a certain number of months and have a job that pays more than you make, you can work overtime for a few days or weeks and receive some unemployment benefits while you look for a new work.
If you find yourself unemployed for a long time, then you may be eligible for disability benefits, which can pay some or all of your unemployment benefits. until you are able to find a job that pays more than what you make each week. Your state will most likely have some sort of benefits help available to those who are unemployed and cannot find jobs.